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What 21st Century Work Requires of 21st Century Education
An Analysis of a 1991 US Labor Dept Report called, "What Work Requires." This report is evidence to Support my Learning Community Architecture.

December 31, 2018

Learning Subjects

For more lessons on how to Improve Communication check out the other classes below.  They are all free.

Improve Communication Improve Media Literacy
Improve Communication Improve Decision Making

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One way to Understand 21st Century Education Requirements.


I came across a 1991 U.S. Department of Labor Report called, “What Work Requires.”  (I just went to check the link and it didn’t work.  Bummer.  But I at least saved it.  See below.)

I thought it right on target with what I want the “Learning Community” to do.

I disagree a bit with their separation of Systems and Technology into two different “Competencies.”  But I understand why they did it and we need more discussion about it.  I agree those the are competencies.  I disagree they need to be in two different groups.  (But, it is not that critical.)

This is the way the @lantis Learning Community is Structured.


The report identified 5 Competencies and 3 Foundation of skills and personal qualities that are needed to thrive in the 21st Century.

COMPETENCIES – effective workers can productively use:

Resources – allocating time, money, materials, space, and staff

Interpersonal Skills – communication, working on teams, teaching others, serving customers, leading, negotiating, and working well with people from culturally diverse backgrounds. 

Information – acquiring and evaluating data, organizing and maintaining files, interpreting and communicating, and using computers to process information

Systems – understanding social, organizational, and technological systems, monitoring and correcting performance, and designing or improving systems

Technology – selecting equipment and tools, applying technology to specific tasks, and maintaining and troubleshooting technologies.

THE FOUNDATION – competence requires: 

Basic Skills – reading, writing, arithmetic and mathematics, speaking, and listening

Thinking Skills – thinking creatively, making decisions, solving problems, seeing things in the mind’s eye, knowing how to learn, and reasoning

Personal Qualities – individual responsibility, self-esteem, sociability, self-management, and integrity.

Resources:  Identifies, organizes, plans, and allocates resources

A. Time & Selects goal-relevant activities, ranks them, allocates time, and prepares and follows schedules

B. Money & Uses or prepares budgets, makes forecasts, keeps records, and makes adjustments to meet objectives

C. Material and Facilities & Acquires, stores, allocates, and uses materials or space efficiently

D. Human Resources & Assesses skills and distributes work accordingly, evaluates performance and provides feedback

Interpersonal: Works with others

A. Participates as a Member of a Team & contributes to group effort

B. Teaches Others New Skills

C. Serves Clients/Customers & works to satisfy customers’ expectations

D. Exercises Leadership & communicates ideas to justify position, persuades and convinces others, responsibly challenges existing procedures and policies

E. Negotiates & works toward agreements involving exchange of resources, resolves divergent interests

F. Works with Diversity & works well with men and women from diverse backgrounds

Information: Acquires and uses information

A. Acquires and Evaluates Information

B. Organizes and Maintains Information

C. Interprets and Communicates Information

D. Uses Computers to Process Information

Systems: Understands complex inter-relationships

A. Understands Systems & knows how social, organizational, and technological systems work and operates effectively with them

B. Monitors and Corrects Performance & distinguishes trends, predicts impacts on system operations, diagnoses deviations in systems’ performance and corrects malfunctions

C. Improves or Designs Systems & suggests modifications to existing systems and develops new or alternative systems to improve performance

Technology: Works with a variety of technologies

A. Selects Technology & chooses procedures, tools or equipment including computers and related technologies

B. Applies Technology to Task & Understands overall intent and proper procedures for setup and operation of equipment

C. Maintains and Troubleshoots Equipment & Prevents, identifies, or solves problems with equipment, including computers and other technologies.


Basic Skills: Reads, writes, performs arithmetic and mathematical operations, listens and speaks

A. Reading — locates, understands, and interprets written information in prose and in documents such as manuals, graphs, and schedules

B. Writing — communicates thoughts, ideas, information, and messages in writing; and creates documents such as letters, directions, manuals, reports, graphs, and flow charts

C. Arithmetic/Mathematics — performs basic computations and approaches practical problems by choosing appropriately from a variety of mathematical techniques

D. Listening — receives, attends to, interprets, and responds to verbal messages and other cues E. Speaking — organizes ideas and communicates orally

Thinking Skills: Thinks creatively, makes decisions, solves problems, visualizes, knows how to learn, and reasons

A. Creative Thinking — generates new ideas

B. Decision Making — specifies goals and constraints, generates alternatives, considers risks, and evaluates and chooses best alternative

C. Problem Solving — recognizes problems and devises and implements plan of action

D. Seeing Things in the Mind’s Eye — organizes, and processes symbols, pictures, graphs, objects, and other information

E. Knowing How to Learn — uses efficient learning techniques to acquire and apply new knowledge and skills

F. Reasoning — discovers a rule or principle underlying the relationship between two or more objects and applies it when solving a problem

Personal Qualities: Displays responsibility, self-esteem, sociability, self-management, and integrity and honesty

A. Responsibility — exerts a high level of effort and perseveres towards goal attainment

B. Self-Esteem — believes in own self-worth and maintains a positive view of self

C. Sociability — demonstrates understanding, friendliness, adaptability, empathy, and politeness in group settings

D. Self-Management — assesses self accurately, sets personal goals, monitors progress, and exhibits self-control

E. Integrity/Honesty — chooses ethical courses of action